Thursday, August 27, 2020

Change in Workplace Agricultural and Applied Economics

Question: Offer a tale about a change that you encountered. What explicitly was the objective of progress? How did the change unfurl? When it was finished, did you notice things had without a doubt changed, or did things come back to what they were before the change? (Regardless of whether you have no current work understanding to draw from, consider a change you were associated with as an individual from a local gathering or a volunteer gathering.) Answer: Since my work with a retail organization, I had once encountered an auxiliary change all through the association. I accept such change is affected by the impacts of both interior and outer elements. For adapting up to the various necessities of the profoundly progressed technologic condition, the specific change is distinguished by the administration (Han Goetz, 2015). The distinguished changes were practiced in the center business capacities, as the method of communicating with the clients was exceptionally altered as a feature of the procedure. The significant ramifications of the distinguished change has guaranteed foundation of the online nearness of the organization. Accordingly, internet showcasing approaches were received rather than the conventional advertising techniques (Miranda et al., 2013). The outcome of the general change process has contributed the business to acquire incomes while lifting the benefit of the association thoroughly. References Han, Y., Goetz, S. J. (2015). Work environment moored relocation in US provinces. In2015 AAEA WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California(No. 204952). Rural and Applied Economics Association Western Agricultural Economics Association. Miranda, S. L., Vicente, . G., Antunes, A. C., Rodrigues, B. S., DOliveira, T. (2013). Work environment animosity in hierarchical evolving forms: The intercession job of pioneer political (delicate and hard) conduct. In15th IAMB Conference. IAMB/ISEG.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Tata Motors Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Goodbye Motors - Essay Example This report looks to break down the new item improvement procedure of Tata Motors. The difficulties looked by the supervisory group during the advancement stages are investigated in this manner the frameworks and procedures applied by Tata Motors in guaranteeing that they react suitably to the weight for change, and catching a steady situation in the inexorably serious commercial center. The means taken to guarantee that a reasonable upper hand is kept up are evaluated. Taking everything into account, a great deal can be gained from Tata Motor and can be summed up as follows. 1. The Carlsberg - Tetley procedures have been applied to guarantee that a culture of reliable quality, advancement and consistent improvement and in this manner, rise as the customer’ debut decision. 2. An compelling society is portrayed by an advancement procedure, inventive flips, inspiration, solidarity of direction and vision and staff preparing. 3. It is essential to take an interest in Corporate Social Responsibility and natural preservation endeavors. 4. There is a requirement for statistical surveying and guarantee improvement to stay pertinent to the customer. 5. Change must be viewed as a persistent and slow procedure that is typically met with overwhelming difficulties. 6. A vital endeavor into acquisitions and joint endeavors are instrumental in entering in entering and venturing into various market portions. 7. Resources must be distributed towards proceeded with look into, innovative, vital acquisitions, and promoting. 8. The company’s structure ought to have less divisions however a bigger number of specialty units.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Using the Sample of Narrative Essay on Library Experience in English

Using the Sample of Narrative Essay on Library Experience in EnglishSample of Narrative Essay on Library Experience, in English, is a sample of a well-written narrative essay on the library experience. The English teachers often give attention to the use of verbs and pronouns as well as the syntax. The essay should be easy to understand and avoid grammatical errors. Here are some basic guidelines for developing an essay that is well-structured.The samples of narrative essay on library experience in English should be very concise. Use the first person singular and refrain from using personal pronouns like 'I'mine.' Make the audience feel at ease by expressing their feelings through dialogue and not through a series of images or facts. For example, one may use 'My mother said,' instead of 'My mother told me.'Make sure to include a real example or two for describing the activities of your school when you were in school. You should include both short stories and simple computer-generated texts to make the paragraphs more interesting. For short stories, you may want to add jokes and humor to spice things up a bit.We live in a very different world today than what we did when I was in school. In these modern times, libraries have the most up-to-date resources of books and CDs. Make sure to use a combination of both and not just describe your school's library in the past tense.It is better to emphasize how the library has changed over the years rather than focusing on the present situation. Include a bit of history of the library and the role that it plays in today's society.Since you may have some knowledge about the library, the introduction should include some information about your own experiences with the library. This will also give an idea of what you are going to talk about in the body of the essay. The introduction should be a brief overview about the library in general. It should tell the readers what the library is about and why you are writing this particul ar essay on the library experience.It is advisable to list down the titles of books and DVD's that you have checked out when you were in school. This will provide an idea of what was missing for the library to fill the void in your life.If you are using a time-lapse feature for the movie, make sure to have it show several scenes of the same movie over a period of time. Show each scene several times to give you the feeling of watching it again. This will definitely make the story more exciting and appealing. Use few lines only to bring back to life the things you felt when you were in school.

Monday, May 25, 2020

Same Sex Marriage By Kennedy - 1141 Words

Same-Sex Marriage In the article, Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Same-Sex Marriage Nationwide, the article discusses the main event, people’s insight on the event, quotes and beliefs of Kennedy, and it also goes a couple years back in time to explain some events leading up to this Supreme Court ruling. In the beginning of the article, it is discussed how the Supreme Court ruled that same-sex marriage is now legal in all 50 states on June 26th, 2015. People gathered outside of the white house and celebrated the event. It is stated that this Supreme Court ruling is 46 years after a riot for gay rights in New York. The article then discusses Kennedy, being an advocate for gay rights. He valued family, love and liberty. The article discusses what Kennedy has said in the past, writing for gay rights and that all couples should be able to marry in all states. The article provides these words written by Kennedy: â€Å"No union is more profound than marriage, for it embodies the highest ideas of lov e, fidelity, devotion, sacrifice and family†. â€Å"In forming a marital union, two people become something greater than they once were†. The article also states that Kennedy believed that the constitution gives all people in United States, this right. Others opinions are also shared on this event, one being that this has nothing to do with the constitution. A quote from Justice Antonin Scalia is stated in the article about how people should celebrate this event, but not to celebrate theShow MoreRelatedHow Is Marriage Defined?1054 Words   |  5 Pages How is marriage defined? Any of the diverse forms of interpersonal union established invarious partd of the world to form a familial bond that is recognized legally, religiously, or socially, granting the participating partners mutual conjugal rights and responsibilities and including, for example, opposite-sex marriage, same-sex marriage, plural marriage, and arranged marriage. Sadly many religions still will not accept same sex marriage. A ruling by Massachusetts highest court that prohibitingRead MoreSupreme Court Rules Gay Marriage939 Words   |  4 PagesGay Marriage Is a Nationwide Right. The Supreme Court on Friday ruled same-sex couples across the nation have a protected right to wed, a milestone choice that scrapes away state bans on gay unions and tops a fast American change on the importance of marriage (Bravin, 2015). The 5-4 choice composed by Justice Anthony Kennedy, his fourth real gay rights, administering more than two decades, struck down limitations in power in 13 states and means each of the 50 states must perceive same-sex unionsRead MoreThe Amendment Of Same Sex Marriage1441 Words   |  6 Pagesallow same sex couples to marry or have a marriage license. The Fourteenth Amendment talks about the right for Due Process. The Fourteenth Amendment protects privacy rights. Obergefell vs Hodges talks about same sex marriage. Some states did not want to give marriage licenses to the same sex and that wa s part of the issue in Obergefell versus Hodges. In the 1980s, it was hard to be gay or lesbian. It was considered criminal in some states. The Fourteenth Amendment does support the case of same sexRead MoreCase Analysis : Obergefell V. Hodges1136 Words   |  5 Pagesheld that same sex couples can now exercise the fundamental right of marriage nationwide. Justice Kennedy reached this result by redefining what marriage is. James Obergefell and John Arthur married in Maryland in 2013. They lived in Ohio, which did not recognize same sex marriage. When John Arthur was diagnosed with ALS, the couple sued to have Obergefell’s name placed on the death certificate as a surviving spouse. The U.S. District Court overturned Ohio’s law banning same-sex marriage. The respondentsRead MoreThe Constitutional History II On The United States1544 Words   |  7 Pagesgay marriage in the United States were a minority group for quite some time. (Green, 2015) The topic of homosexuality and same sex marriage is one that probes the primary question of whether or not same sex marriages are ones fundamental right under both the Due Process Clause and Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. (Lempert, 2015) The case of Obergefell v. Hodges was a case that held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires all states to recognize and grant same sex marriage licensesRead MoreThe Legalization Of Gay Marriage 1527 Words   |  7 PagesAnna Aiello Professor Jessica Lugo College Writing 1 25 September 2015 The Legalization of Gay Marriage A New York Times article honors that on June 26th, the United States declared same-sex marriage a right nationwide. â€Å"Love wins,† chanted the crowd outside the Supreme Court (Liptak). The Supporters of same-sex marriage celebrated the new feeling they received of love equality. For many years, homosexuals companions have been deprived from their right to become legally united. ThisRead MoreThe Rights Of Same Sex Marriage1582 Words   |  7 Pagesas the Marriage Protection Amendment, Proposition 102 was placed on the ballot and passed by Arizona voters in 2008, amending the state’s Constitution which defined the traditional sense of marriage between a man and a woman. However, on October 17, 2014, a federal judge disagreed with voters and overruled Prop 102, claiming that the ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Not long after the decision Attorney General Tom Horne stated that there would be no appeal and same-sex marriages wouldRead MoreMarriage Rights For Gay People967 Words   |  4 Pages After considering the following topics to research, I decided to narrow my research to marriage rights for gay people. I remember the day it happened when marriage became legal for gay people because it was a sigh of relief, and it was about time that gay people were allowed to marry in the United States regardless of the state they were in. My step brother whom I am very close with is gay, so I do not know if that is the real reason why I feel so strongly and passionate about gay rights, such asRead MoreGay Marriage Essay1335 Words   |  6 PagesGay Marriage People should be able to marry whomever they want and they shouldnt have the fear to be judged and have the same rights of everybody else becasue they are people just like us. Gay marriage has affected the country in many ways. It was legalized just two years ago by the Supreme Court ruling it ( I chose this topic because people should do what they want and marry who they want so they have the same rights as everybody else. There was 14 states that did not allowRead MoreThe Against Gay Marriage : Racism Or Proverb1737 Words   |  7 Pages Opposition to Gay Marriage: Racism or Proverb Racism is the belief that all members of each race possess characteristics or abilities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. But discrimination is a treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category. Is the opposition to gay marriage an act of racism, discrimination or truth? Homosexuality and

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Statistical And Quantitative Research Methods - 1150 Words

JSB273 CRIME RESEARCH METHODS ASSESSMENT ONE - ESSAY Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods Jaimee Baird N9155465 Lecturer: Claire Ferguson Thursday 11am – 1pm C405 In submitting this work I declare that, unless otherwise acknowledged, this work is wholly my own. I understand that my work may be submitted to SafeAssign and consent to this taking place. Word Count: Declaration of Authorisation Introduction Qualitative and quantitative research methods are two most common approaches used when conducting a research task on a criminological issue. Some studies use both approaches together to further enhance and support their research and information, while others choose to use just one. The decision to use one†¦show more content†¦Newman and Benz (1998, 3) explain qualitative methods have the aim of developing a theory explaining what they have witnessed and investigated in their observations. Researchers can collect data already having set proposed and pre-determined questions and asking these questions in an interview setting or allowing the participant to write their answers on a test structured format (Creswell 2003, 17). Another method of research also includes interviews, group or singular, however taking either a more guided or free speech conversation (Tewksbury 2009, 43). Different from question based studies, qualitative researchers also acquire their information in the form of observation. This can occur in two ways, either they openly acknowledge and explain they are observing participants out in the field or observe in secret. This method can be described as a method of immersion (Tewksbury 2009, 54). Quantitative research is most easily defined as being statistical and based entirely around numbers and figures. Quantitative begins with a theory within criminology and the researcher tests and researches into this theory gathering evidence through methods of surveys and experiments to confirm and support the theory (Creswell 2003, 7 and Newman and Benz 1998, 3). Quantitative studies have full control of the variables and can manipulate the data to support their argument or theory. The results ofShow MoreRelatedQuantitative Methods : The Role Of Statistics1627 Words   |  7 PagesQUANTITATIVE METHODS: ROLE OF STATISTICS IN RESEARCH Name Course Instructor University City Date QUANTITATIVE METHODS: ROLE OF STATISTICS IN RESEARCH Quantitative research is an effective method of analyzing statistical data. The method refers to a systematic, experiential investigation that regards discernible phenomenon through computation or mathematical techniques (BaloÄŸlu, Koà §ak, Zelhart 2007). Quantitative research aims at developing and employing mathematical hypothesis and modelsRead MoreQuantitative Research Design Is The Standard Experimental Method Of Most Scientific Disciplines1104 Words   |  5 PagesQuantitative research design is the standard experimental method of most scientific disciplines. These experiments are sometimes referred to as true science, and use traditional mathematical and statistical means to measure results conclusively. They are most commonly used by physical scientists, although social sciences, education and economics have been known to use this type of research. It is the opposite of qualitative research. Quantitative experiments all use a standard format, with a fewRead MoreQualitati ve And Quantitative Research Design1537 Words   |  7 PagesResearch and Program Evaluation This paper will compare and contrast qualitative and quantitative research designs. While giving the information, I will also elaborate on the types of research designs that they both implore. At the end of the paper, the reader will have a better understanding for qualitative and quantitative research designs and when to use each type of design. Qualitative Research Design Cresswell (2014) states â€Å"qualitative methods rely on text and image data, have unique stepsRead MoreWeek 1 RSCH 8300860 Words   |  4 Pagespost Comparing Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches Researchers often times are faced with the decision of choosing a methodology of research; either Quantitative or Qualitative that they think best fits their study and objectives. This choice is guarded by the topic of study, the advantages and disadvantages, and the strengths and weaknesses of using either one or the other type of the methodologies. Researchers are sometimes using Quantitative and Qualitative research methodologies interchangeablyRead MoreUsing Systematic And Formal Procedures1600 Words   |  7 PagesTherefore, the term research needs to be defined and explained before preceding to data collection methods which are the objective of this research. The term research has been defined multiple researchers throughout various disciplines due to the spectrum of viewing research. Waltz and Bausell(1981) referred to research as phenomena interpretations and problems solving using systematic and formal procedures. Furthermore, Payton (1979) defined research as finding answers for research questions implementingRead MorePSY 325 Statistics for Behavioral and Social Science, Ashford1395 Words   |  6 Pagesfive research studies from peer-reviewed sources that were published within the last ten years, which investigate a particular social science problem or topic. The Final Paper will focus on critiquing the varying stati stical approaches used in each of these studies. Your assignment this week is to identify the topic that you intend to focus on for your Final Paper. You may identify any social science problem or topic; however, it must be something that has been studied using quantitative researchRead MoreComparing Quantitative and Qualitative Research1586 Words   |  7 PagesCOMPARING QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Social theory is a â€Å"system of interconnected ideas that condenses and organises the knowledge about the social world and explains how it works† (Neuman, 2006, p.8) and for many years scientists have gathered data using specialised techniques such as Quantative and Qualitative research to support or reject these theories. Quantitative research â€Å"generates numerical data or information that can be converted into numbers,† (Experiment Resources, 2009,Read MoreArticle Analysis: Utilizing Conjoint Analysis to Explicate Healthcare Decision Making1098 Words   |  4 Pagesanalysis to explicate health care decision making by emergency department nurses. Applied Nursing Research. 23 (1): 30-5. Fisher, et al., (2010) published a quantitative and descriptive study using clinical simulations and conjoint analysis to understand decision making by ER nurses when dealing with individuals who have intellectual disabilities. Essentially, conjoint analysis is a conceptual/statistical model that uses a number of attributes that require participants to make decision trade-offs. ARead MoreThe Importance Of Quantitative And Qualitative Research1012 Words   |  5 PagesQualitative and qualitative analysis has been adopted since time immemorial in providing relevance to data. By description, a quantitative research employs numerical data to quantify the adversity of a situation; thus, it addresses effect (Jonassen, 2008). The quantitative analysis involves the use of scientific methods and statistical computations to transform data into a format that is easy to interpret (Polit, Beck, 2017). On the other hand, a qualitative study seeks to identify explanationsRead MoreQuantitative And Qualitative Research Design1695 Words   |  7 Pagesnumber of research methodologies to carry out, test, analyze and describe phenomena they are interested in studying. Among the most widely used methodologies are quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-method (Cozby Bates, 2012, Garza Landrum, 2015; Leedy Ormrod, 2013; Creswell, 2013; Gergen, 2015). Qualitative and quantitative research designs, for example, are types of research approaches that provide clear directions on how to carry out a research plan (Creswell, 2013). The quantitative research

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Stop Making Plans and Start Making Decisions- myassignmenthelp

Question: Write about theStop Making Plans and Start Making Decisions. Answer: Introduction The topic for this essay is STOP MAKING PLANS; START MAKING DECISIONS. From the primary analysis we get the impression that one should not only make plans to execution certain task but also work towards implementing the whole task and also in allotted time. Making a perfect plan to tackle any situation is always has been the easy part but one does not know about the unexpected real life challenges he could face in carrying out the task which is always the difficult part. Therefore it is always advised to make small goals and implement it in given time and then devise future plan. Discussion The article was written by Harvard in their Harvard business review in January 2006 in volume 84(1) in pp 76 to 84 the article has been written with the view of strategic planning in business (Mankins and Steele 2006). The article starts with the question whether the strategic planning in business is of any use or it is completely useless. The issue was analyzed by the CEO of the companies. The older tradition where companys leaders would sit together and go through the endless PowerPoint presentation which provided them few solutions to tackle the business challenges. To overcome this limitation, the executives of the company decided to sidestep their formal strategy planning process where decision was made on less information and heated debate among them. The members complained that the meetings were long on exhortationbut short on executable ideas for the company. The company executive came up with certain changes in strategy planning. To ensure an effective discussion, the topic of the discussion and all presentation materials of the meeting was sent to employees before the week of meeting . The discussion session were extended to give ample time to each of them to present their views and come to an effective conclusion .Instead of calling the unit heads of the company for meetings the executives decided to visit each of the 22 unit for six weeks to have a long meeting with the managers regarding the ongoing strategy and have problems the company is facing. After implementing the new strategy the CEO tried to gather the feedbacks from the employees and to his surprise the employees were not satisfied with the new strategy as it took much time and on a very high level which was very different from their ways of carrying out the business. Failing of the strategy many executives grew skeptical of strategic planning whether it is of any use. Despite of all time, money, energy spent on the planning it was a complete failure. Analyzing the dilemma of the executives Harvard business review has come up with some reasons as why the strategy planning of the company fails. The company should analyze their root problems and give up calendar-driven planning processesand come up with continuous issue focus decision making plan (Norton and Marmaros 2013). In order to overcome the issue the company has stopped were focused more on taking decision rather than making long term plans. According to the article the company which follow the given process they made twice as more decision as before following the traditional planning model. Harvard business has conducted survey among 156 large companies regarding how effectively company executed their long term plans for the company. According to them strategic planning which are bounded to timing structure is an obstacles to good decision making. The companies should make strategic decisions which are constrained by calendar planned meeting. As long as company depend on calendar planned strategic planning meeting they cannot drive to decision making and without any decisions making the meeting is of no use. The Strategic plans meeting cannot be successful if it is not focused on decision making. The company cannot focus on to a better decision making as long as they are restricted to individual business units and limited by the calendar. The article has concluded that many companies are now doing meeting which is focused heavily on decision making through the continuous identification and systematic resolution of strategic issues (Rumelt 2012). Various successful companies focus their strategy discussions mainly on issues which are limited and also important, which can span multiple businesses. These companies has moved away from business to business plan models which has proved to be successful especially when managing the large business and complex organization where making strategy decision is quite difficult as different division manger will devise a plan in keeping mind their own unit which may not be helpful for other unit of the company. (Bronzite 2012)The article STOP MAKING PLANS AND START MAKING DECISIONS seems to be a social topic, but the Harvard has written the article from business point of view which can be applied in business. Therefore the article should be written in such a way that it also includes the challenges in normal day to day life and how can it be overcome. The essay article STOP MAKING PLANS AND START MAKING DECISIONS has been written after analyzing the various surveys which has been done regarding the timing of strategic planning the analysis of these surveys has produced their views. In 2005, Marakon Associates who has collaborated with Economist Intelligence Unit to survey the senior executives of the 156 large companies in the world where each of them having the sales of over one billion dollars or more than that ,the surveys consisted of forty percent of those companies which have sale over ten billion dollars (Johnston and Bate, 2013). The survey was done to analyze how the executives developed their companies long term plans and how effective their planning drove them to the strategic decisions. Harvard business also conducted surveys regarding the implementation of calendar effect and they analyzed that over sixty six percent of the companies have calendar dependent planning. A survey which was conducted to find whether the pl anning by the executives was worth their effort they find that only eleven percent executives were satisfied with the result of their planning (Daellenbach, McNickle and Dye, 2012). In another survey conducted among executive to find whether the top managers are effectively involved in all strategic planning they found that only thirteen percent of the executives were satisfied that top manger cooperate in strategic planning. The article has been written keeping business management in mind. From the various surveys conducted worldwide. Analyzing the article various conclusions can be derived. Firstly the company important strategic planning meeting should not be constrained to calendars and times, it should be setup any time when required (Birkinshaw et al.2014). According to article ,the company which depend on rigid business schedule and follow calendar scheduled meeting they make 2.5 strategic meeting on an average in year which is very less in order to manage business. The strategic decision should be regular to study the growth of the company. Secondly the meeting should not be review and approve but there should be a healthy debate between members and take an important decision. The companies should not only make plans but also take important decisions. Thirdly the successful companies conducts their strategic meeting on finite issues which are important . which can be extended to multiple businesse s (Johnston and Bate 2013) (De Reuver, Bouwman and Haaker 2013). Moving away from traditional business-by-business planning model it has proved to be helpful specifically to large organization which has to make decision taking all its subsidiaries (Hammond, Keeney and Raiffa 2015). The plans made during the meeting is not approved by each one as each division manager attempts to cover every aspect of the units strategy. The article Stop Making Plans; Start Making Decisions written by Harvard business review can be considered as reliable and trustworthy which businessmen can follow as it is written with the support of various surveys conducted worldwide by them. The surveys include senior executives of 156 large companies which have sales of over a billion dollars and revenue over ten billion dollars. The article has also given examples of big companies like Microsoft, Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA), Diageo, Textron, Cardinal Health, and Cadburys. It describes about the problem they faced and how they manage to find its solution (Proctor, 2014). Therefore it is implied that the article has been written in keeping minds the case studies of big companies, so the solution of the problem given in the article is reliable and can be implemented to solve the business problem( Vaccaro, Van Den Bosch and Volberda, 2012). Conclusion From the essay it can be concluded that the article that strategic planning often act as barrier to effective decision making and has a little influence on making strategy. Strategic planning always fails because of two reasons. First it is limited to calendar schedules; second it only focuses on single business units in case of large organization. But companies can find the solution to the problem if they attack its root problems. Various firms have stopped the calendar-driven meeting and replaced it with continuous and making decision which is issue focused. References Birkinshaw, J., Healey, M.P., Suddaby, R. and Weber, K., 2014. Debating the future of management research.Journal of Management Studies,51(1), pp.38-55. Bronzite, M., 2012.System development: a strategic framework. Springer Science Business Media. Daellenbach, H., McNickle, D. and Dye, S., 2012.Management science: decision-making through systems thinking. Palgrave macmillan. De Reuver, M., Bouwman, H. and Haaker, T., 2013. Business model roadmapping: A practical approach to come from an existing to a desired business model.International Journal of Innovation Management,17(01), p.1340006. Hammond, J.S., Keeney, R.L. and Raiffa, H., 2015.Smart choices: A practical guide to making better decisions. Harvard Business Review Press. Johnston, R.E. and Bate, J.D., 2013.The power of strategy innovation: a new way of linking creativity and strategic planning to discover great business opportunities. AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn. Laguna, M. and Marklund, J., 2013.Business process modeling, simulation and design. Mankins, M.C. and Steele, R., 2006. Stop making plans; start making decisions.Harvard business review,84(1), p.76. Norton, K.S. and Marmaros, D.P., Google Inc., 2013.Automatically schedule and re-schedule meetings using reschedule factors for conflicting calendar events. U.S. Patent 8,375,034. Proctor, T., 2014.Creative problem solving for managers: developing skills for decision making and innovation. Routledge. Rumelt, R.P., 2012. Good strategy/bad strategy: The difference and why it matters.Strategic Direction,28(8). Vaccaro, I.G., Jansen, J.J., Van Den Bosch, F.A. and Volberda, H.W., 2012. Management innovation and leadership: The moderating role of organizational size.Journal of Management Studies,49(1), pp.28-51.